An emerald on the western edge of the Pacific Ocean
Geographically, Taiwan is located on the western edge of the Pacific Ocean, a small island (about 36,000 square kilometers) on the eastern rim of the Eurasian plate. Topographically, the island is elongated from north to south, being somewhat broader in the central part. Circling the island is more than 1000 km of coastline, with cliffs in the east and sandy plains in the west. The Central Mountain Range is a sawtooth formation of peaks piled on top of one another, with more than 200 peaks throughout the island exceeding 3000 m in elevation (with the highest, Yushan, at 3952 m). Because of great changes in elevation, several environments have formed of tropical, subtropical, temperate, and frigid zones. In addition, the climate is generally warm and rain is abundant, so the vegetation is luxuriant, and many species of organisms proliferate in this biologically varied and complex territory.
Because of being separated from the Asian mainland for a very long time, Taiwan has 27 endemic species of birds. In addition, each year in spring and autumn, there are southerly moving migrants from as far north as Siberia that stop in Taiwan. In the breeding season, gulls, terns, and pelagic birds are attracted to nest on many uninhabited islets off the coast, which are also ecologically unique areas of Taiwan.
According to the 2015 Taiwan bird checklist, to the present, 639 species (639 種) of birds have been recorded since the Republic of China has had jurisdiction over the territory (1949), which includes the main island of Taiwan; neighboring smaller islets of the Penghu Archipelago (the Pescadores), Orchid Island (Lanyu), Green Island (Ludao), Jinmen, Matsu; three islets off the northeastern coast of Taiwan of Huapingyu, Pengjiayu, and Mianhuayu; and the Pratas Islands and the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea. -Chinese Wild Bird Federation
Taiwan is a safe, friendly country not only with good infrastructure, fascinating culture and delicious food but also with a strong conservation movement. In 1990 the preservation order came into effect. All indigenous natural forests were forbidden to be altered or destroyed. Since then there has not been any logging in Taiwan.
Birding spots are easy to access. “Look! Swinhoe's Pheasant!” We are sitting quietly at … -Taiwan Report, April 30 – May 12, 2011, written by Richard Knapton, Eagle-Eye Tours, photo by Nella Schmidt
Population : 23 million
Language : Mandarin / Taiwanese / Hakka / Indigenous Languages
Religion : Buddhism / Taoism / Christianity / Islam
Climate : The annual average temperature is a comfortable 22 degrees Celsius (72 degrees Fahrenheit) with the lowest temperatures ranging from 12 to 17 degrees Celsius (54-63 Fahrenheit). Therefore, with the exception of a few mountain areas where some traces of snow can be found during winters, no snow can be seen throughout Taiwan. When summers are about to dismiss springs (March to May), continuously drizzling rain will sometimes fall on Taiwan. During the summer (June to August) typhoons sometimes approach or land the country. -Tourism Bureau, Rep. of China(Taiwan)